Sciatica is actually the pain affecting the back, hip, and outer side of the leg, caused by compression of a spinal nerve root in the lower back, often owing to degeneration of an intervertebral disk.
This type of pain can be caused by different types of diseases. This pain is a kind of warning that something is not okay with your body.
Symptoms of sciatica
The most common symptoms are pain and numbness in the lumbar region of the spine, that usually occurs after bending or lifting loads. The pain of the lower back goes down through the hip, back of the thighs, through the knee to the toes. The pain may be dull, strong and sharp, temporary or permanent and with increasing of effort it may be symptomized with numbness, coughing or sneezing. Raising a leg in the supine position leads to stretching of the sciatic nerve and pain.
- Pain in the leg and buttocks when sitting
- Feel of burning or tingling in the leg
- Disabled or weak movement of the leg
- Difficulties with standing because of the pressure from the pain
- In some cases loss of control over bladder or bowel
Causes of Sciatica
Sciatica is caused by degenerative changes and premature aging of the discs between the vertebrae, and can occur due to improper walking and sitting, wearing shoes with high heels, stretching the muscles, raising a load of overweight etc. Damaged disc and inflammation of the seat nerve can cause sciatica.
- Irritation, degenerative changes in the discs of the vertebrae
- Damaged disc
- Inflammation of the seating nerve
- Lack of physical activity
- Sleeping on a very soft mattress
- Wearing high heels
Depending on the symptoms and medical examinations, a proper diagnosis can be set which will determine the type of therapy needed. The therapy can be in form of analgesics, drugs for relaxing the muscles and sometimes corticosteroids.
In some cases, after soothing the pain and inflammation, a further treatment with physical therapy is necessary. There may even be an additional diagnostics such as Electromyography (EMG), which will show to what extent the root of the nerve has been damaged. Surgery is rarely recommendable unless the pain is unbearable and the pressure of the nerve causes falling of the feet and impaired bladder and intestines.
A rest is not recommended when you experience lower back pain from sciatica. You should try to do exercises that will help you strengthen the abdominal and back muscles.
Watch the video below to learn how to fix low back pain & sciatica without taking any pills:
Video Credit: Matty Fusaro
Note: This article was re-published with the permission of Health Plate. You can find the original article here.